By the end of the session, participants will be able to:
• Define the key financial statements: balance sheet, income statement, cash flow as well as key financial terms such as earnings, margins and leverage used in organizations.
• Interpret the financial health and condition of a company, division or responsibility centres and use financial information for management and evaluation.
• Distinguish between accounting and finance and explain the finance role in running business.
• Distinguish between public finance and corporate finance.
• Prepare a company’s operating budget and relate it to the organization’s strategic objectives.
• Apply capital budgeting techniques and cost-volume-profit analysis to enhance decision making.
The key financial statements
• Understanding the accounting cycle
• Income statement: tool for performance management
• Accrual basis versus cash basis
• Balance sheet: tool for financial position
• Statement of cash flows
• Wrapping up: the cycle of financial statements
• External and internal auditor’s responsibilities
Analysis of Financial Statements
• Why are ratios useful
• Trend analysis
• Liquidity ratios: ability to settle short-term dues
• Solvency ratios: ability to settle long-term dues
• Activity ratios: ability to manage assets efficiently
• Profitability ratios
• Limitations of financial ratio analysis
Working Capital Management
• Definition of working capital and working capital management
• Working capital management strategies for current assets
• Balancing profitability and liquidity
• Working capital management strategies for current liabilities
• Trade-off between profitability and certainty
Concept of Financial Management
• Accounting versus finance: rules and responsibilities
• Public finance versus corporate finance
• Three pillars of finance: Financial decisions, Investing decisions and Operating decisions.
Breakeven Analysis and Decision Making
• Defining fixed costs
• Defining variable costs
• Contribution margin formula
• Computing breakeven point
• Sensitivity analysis: changing assumption
Operating Budget Process and Techniques
• What is an operating budget
• Steps to budget development
• Master budget components
• Sales forecasting
• Approaches to budgeting
Capital Budgeting: the investing decisions
• Examples of exercises involving capital budgeting exercise
• Time value of money: a prerequisite for investing decisions
• Required rate of return for investments
• Examples of cash outflows for capital projects
• Examples of cash inflows for projects
• Net present value calculation
• Internal rate of return